Preci is a hillside castle-town dating back to the 13th century
which is located the Saint Eutizio Abbey, to whose fief it belonged
before becoming part of Norcia 's territory. Following its ambitions
for independence, the castle-town was destroyed twince in the 16th
century. Definitive peace with Norcia, which came about in 1555,
allowed the castle-town to be restored. This coincided with the
flourishing of the surgical school that quickly became very famous.
One need only refer to Durante Scacchi, who was Pope Sixtus V's
archiater doctor, and his brother Francesco, who operated on the
cataract of Queen Elizabeth I in 1588, to appreciate fame of this
surgical school. Preci 's surgeons handed down their art from father
to son and were specialists in operations involving cataracts and
lithotomy (or lithiasis of the bladder). The presences of Preci
's numerous medical families with their palazzos gave a noble air
to the town, which conserves the Medieval remains of the two ancient
entrance doors and of the "Palazzetto della Comunità".